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UMD History in a (Nut)Shell

By Karen Shih ’09

Entrance 1920s

Courtesy of University Archives

The entrance to the University of Maryland in the 1920s.

Take a look back through events that shaped the University of Maryland—including a devastating fire, Testudo’s unveiling and major student protests—starting from its creation as the Maryland Agricultural College.

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1 Calverthistory
The university was founded as the Maryland Agricultural College (MAC) on March 6, 1856. Charles Benedict Calvert, descendant of the first Lord Baltimore, was central to the college’s creation. He sold his 428-acre Rossborough Farm, part of his vast Riversdale estate, to serve as its home. He served briefly as acting president as well as president of its board of trustees. On Oct. 5, 1859, MAC officially opened with an enrollment of 34 students. Courtesy of University Archives

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